87,000 women killed in one year
Violence against women is increasing sharply during and after conflicts. The issue is also on the agenda at the UN. The Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Bangura, is concerned with strategies to reduce rape as a weapon of war and the need for governments and leaders to be held accountable.
There are three categories of countries in the UN's focus. These are generally the countries in conflict, then the post-conflict countries, and a third category that is not really in people's minds. In these countries, sexual violence takes place under very special and unique circumstances. For example, there is Egypt where mass rapes took place during the political transition, during a demonstration. Kenya is another reprehensible and sad example. There have been attacks during the process of democratic elections. There have also been mass rapes in Guinea and Angola, and the sad record in Sierra Leone, where 60 000 women were raped during the conflict.
"87,000 women worldwide were deliberately killed in 2017 - that are almost ten women every hour. The largest number (20,000) of all women killed worldwide by intimate partners or family members in 2017 was in Asia, followed by Africa (19,000), the Americas (8,000) Europe (3,000) and Oceania (300)" (UNODC). These figures only show the women killed; women exposed to violence and survive are not included here. It clearly shows the importance of rapid assistance.
Is violence against women in conflicts avoidable?
The problem of why violence against women still takes place is that without agreements by those in power at the same level and "gifts" or "concessions," nothing happens. It is still a fundamental issue - worldwide, even in Western societies - that power is predominantly exercised by men, and many men accept "instructions" only from men. The self-evident fact that women must not be raped, for example, that this is a punishable offense, that crimes against the civilian population, in general, are punishable, will only become conscious when there are appropriate "educational measures" in the form of life sentences. These, however, not only for leaders but above all for those who carry them out. For, strictly speaking, no leader or commander will achieve anything if the "infantry" does not carry it out. Conversely, this clearly shows what the thinking of the majority is like.
It is, therefore, necessary to change this thinking. To create an awareness that it is reprehensible when someone commits violence against women (children).
What possibilities are there to reduce this violence?
There are already many good and meaningful actions at the diplomatic level. Unfortunately, this is not a theoretical issue, and every day, even every hour, women are exposed to violence somewhere in the world. Education and understanding are important basics for a permanent change of thinking, but I think that there should be more "punishments" in parallel.
- banning of these states,
- stop all funds to and from these states,
- regulate the export/import,
- more trials and convictions before the International Court of Human Rights,
- The USA should finally sign CEDAW and the "Rights of the child."
Would anything other than the elimination of war prevent the problem of violence against women?
Strengthen more independent refugee organizations.
More women in decision-making positions.
Recognize the participation of women work in the past
Further, promote the role of women as equal rights.
What can currently be done?
"UN Security Council Resolution 1325 adopted the Resolution on Women and Peace and Security on 31 October 2000. The resolution reaffirms the important role of women in conflict prevention and resolution, peace negotiations, peace building, peacekeeping, humanitarian operations, and post-conflict reconstruction" and "calls on all parties to the conflict to take special measures to protect women and girls in situations of armed conflict from gender-based violence, especially rape and other forms of sexual abuse." In addition, offers and assistance must be simplified and expanded, especially for female refugees and children.
"Unfortunately, parts of the population doubt the reality of the biological process of evolution and the theory of evolution - men and women. People of an often creationist line of argument are mostly from religiously inspired groups, primarily from the fundamentalist area of the three Abrahamic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, whose strict followers interpret literally the often pictorial language of religious writings concerning the origin of the earth and living organisms (Wikipedia)."
As this explains, much more enlightenment is needed to change the corresponding cultures and ways of thinking. The resource "woman" must be brought much more into consciousness. Not as an individual worthy of protection, but much more as an equal partner.